25 January 2022 Brussels, Belgium

December 2021 crude steel production

World crude steel production for the 64 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 158.7 million tonnes (Mt) in December 2021, a 3.0% decrease compared to December 2020.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.2 Mt in December 2021, down 9.6% on December 2020. Asia and Oceania produced 116.1 Mt, down 4.4%. The CIS produced 8.9 Mt, down 3.0%. The EU (27) produced 11.1 Mt, down 1.4%. Europe, Other produced 4.3 Mt, down 0.8%. The Middle East produced 3.9 Mt, up 22.1%. North America produced 9.7 Mt, up 7.5%. South America produced 3.5 Mt, down 8.7%.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Dec 21/20 Jan-Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Jan-Dec 21/20
Africa 1.2 -9.6 16.0 26.7
Asia and Oceania 116.1 -4.4 1,382.0 0.6
CIS 8.9 -3.0 105.6 5.6
EU (27) 11.1 -1.4 152.5 15.4
Europe, Other 4.3 -0.8 51.2 11.6
Middle East 3.9 22.1 41.2 1.2
North America 9.7 7.5 117.8 16.6
South America 3.5 -8.7 45.6 17.8
Total 64 countries 158.7 -3.0 1,911.9 3.6

The 64 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 98% of total world crude steel production in 2020. Regions and countries covered by the table:

  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Vietnam
  • CIS: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Turkey, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

 

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 86.2 Mt in December 2021, down 6.8% on December 2020. India produced 10.4 Mt, up 0.9%. Japan produced 7.9 Mt, up 5.4%. The United States produced 7.2 Mt, up 11.9%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.6 Mt, the same as in December 2020. South Korea produced 6.0 Mt, up 1.1%. Germany produced 3.1 Mt, up 0.1%. Turkey produced 3.3 Mt, down 2.3%. Brazil produced 2.6 Mt, down 11.4%. Iran is estimated to have produced 2.8 Mt, up 15.1%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Dec 21/20 Jan-Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Jan-Dec 21/20
China 86.2 -6.8 1,032.8 -3.0
India 10.4 0.9 118.1 17.8
Japan 7.9 5.4 96.3 14.9
United States 7.2 11.9 86.0 18.3
Russia 6.6 e 0.0 76.0 6.1
South Korea 6.0 1.1 70.6 5.2
Turkey 3.3 -2.3 40.4 12.7
Germany 3.1 0.1 40.1 12.3
Brazil 2.6 -11.4 36.0 14.7
Iran 2.8 e 15.1 28.5 -1.8

2021 global crude steel production totals

Total world crude steel production was 1,950.5 Mt in 2021, a 3.7% increase compared to 2020. Please see the Steel Data Viewer for the complete listing of annual production totals by country.

Rank 20212020%2021/2020
1China1 032.81 064.7-3
2India118.1100.317.8
3Japan96.383.215.8
4United States8672.718.3
5Russia (e)7671.66.1
6South Korea70.667.15.2
7Turkey40.435.812.7
8Germany40.135.712.3
9Brazil3631.414.7
10Iran (e) 28.529-1.8
11Italy24.420.419.7
12Viet Nam (e) 23.619.918.4
13Taiwan, China (e)23.32110.9
14Ukraine 21.420.63.6
15Mexico (e)18.416.89.5
16Spain141127.7
17France13.911.620.3
18Canada (e) 12.81116.2
19Indonesia (e)12.512.9-2.9
20Egypt10.38.225.1
21Saudi Arabia8.77.812.3
22Poland (e) 8.47.96.5
23Austria (e) 7.96.817.1
24United Kingdom (e) 7.47.13.9
25Belgium (e) 76.113.6
26Netherlands6.66.19.4
27Malaysia (e)6.56.6-1.8
28Australia5.85.56
29Thailand (e) 5.64.525.8
30Bangladesh (e)5.55.50
31Pakistan (e) 5.33.839.9
32South Africa (e)53.929.5
33Argentina4.93.733.5
34Slovakia4.93.441.2
35Czechia4.84.57.9
36Sweden4.74.46.1
37Kazakhstan (e)4.43.912.5
38Finland4.33.524.1
39Algeria (e)440
40Romania (e)3.42.821.8
Others36.2346.4
World1 950.51 880.43.7

#Ends#

Notes to Editors:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • Information on capacity can be found on the OECD website.
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