Fall from height
Depending on the country, companies may define a height level where a fall prevention or restraint must be worn and used. The level is usually anywhere there is a risk of falling off 1.8 meters or 6 ft, but proper preventive fall practices should also be used as the fall from a lower distance can lead to serious injuries.
Examples: Fall from a ladder, fall from a platform, fall from a roof, fall into a shaft, a pit or a hole in the ground.
Object falling on a person for any reason, also objects that can be released sideways or upwards are considered.
Examples: Tool falling from a scaffold, load falling from a crane, product falling due to the collapse of a pile of products, something stored vertically falling or sliding down, building components broken during a storm, or broken by snow, ice, or even hail, snow or ice blocks.
Incident caused by any component of machinery or equipment that is able to move by any energy source (electrical, steam, hydraulic, pneumatic, heat, wind, product such as strip being pulled by other equipment), by remote control or by gravity.
Examples: crushed by the movement of a shaft rotated by an operator in a remote cabin, unexpected start of an un- isolated motor or engine, unexpected start of a conveyor, trapped between the belt and the roll of a conveyor, crushed by the movement of a cover or table of a machine operated by hydraulic or pneumatic cylinders.
Any incident whose main cause is the operation or condition of an overhead crane or its product holding component such as C hook or coil grab, chains or slings.
Examples: Collision between two overhead cranes running on the same tracks or overlapping track; people injured due to the swing of the load lifted by an overhead crane, components dropping from a crane, loss of load.
Any incident resulting from the use of or contact with a forklift truck, a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials. Incidents with forklifts can occur due to the load handled, the environment in which the forklift is moving, the state of the vehicle or the skills of the driver.
Examples: Collision between a forklift and any other vehicle, person hurt by a forklift, reversal of the forklift, forklifts tend to swing around in a large radius and can run over pedestrians.
Incident with any rail vehicle inside the site or while handling railcars
Examples: Collision by anything with a train, pedestrians crushed between the bumpers of railcars while hooking up railcars, person falling from or struck by a locomotive or railway cars
On-site road / Vehicle
Incident with a vehicle inside the site including private cars and industrial vehicles except forklifts.
Examples: a pedestrian hurt by a truck, collision between a car and a truck
Off-site road / Vehicle
Incident on the public road with any type of vehicle or on foot to and from the workplace. Includes business travel.
Examples: Sales or marketing people injured on the road during working time, employees driving to an externally organised training session
Other mobile equipment
Incidents whose main cause is the use of equipment other than moving machinery, overhead crane, vehicle and train.
Examples: hurt by a stepladder on wheels pushed by an operator, hurt while using an aerial work platform (cherry picker, boom lift, man lift, basket crane)
A release of energy that causes a pressure discontinuity or blast wave (e.g., detonations, deflagrations, and rapid releases of high pressure caused by rupture of equipment or piping).
Examples: water in liquid steel, leak of oxygen, generation and leak of hydrogen or leak of CO or blast furnace gas can drive to an explosion
Any incident resulting from the combustion of materials and propagation of the flames causing damage to people, installation and the environment.
Gassing / Asphyxiation
Incident in any area where gas can accumulate or be trapped, and the air does not sustain or support life.
- ‘gassing’ when the breathing air contents a toxic gas;
Examples: Gassing due to a rate of carbon monoxide (CO) in the breathing air above the threshold limit depending on the duration of the exposition to the CO.
- ‘asphyxiation’ occurs when the oxygen rate in the breathing air decreases below 19.5%
Examples: Asphyxiation due to the presence of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), argon (Ar) or any other gas taking the place of the oxygen in the breathing air